Note, by the way, that this is only a partial list. First, there were some tests, as discussed in The Philosopher's Bomb, that I was not able to identify. Second, although the Plowshare scientific applications program ended with PLIERS in 1969, other, later tests did incorporate science add-ons as part of other programs. There was a project in the 1970s, codenamed HALITE/CENTURION, that used nuclear explosions as X-ray sources to test concepts for inertial confinement fusion. There was another project in the late 70s and 80s that used nuclear explosions to determine the physical properties of metals under extreme pressure. There was yet another project in the late 50s that used high-yield atmospheric tests to inject radioactive tracers into the upper atmosphere, to map the air currents up there. And probably more I don't know about. I hope to eventually investigate and write up those projects as well, but, until then, this list will remain incomplete.
|PIPEFISH||04/29/64||< 20 kT||DMA||Physics||N/A||LASL||[HDB]|
|BARBEL||10/16/64||< 20 kT||DMA||SHEs||11||LASL||[Be2]|
|SCAUP||05/14/65||< 20 kT||DMA||SHEs||???||LASL||[GURC]|
|TWEED||05/21/65||< 20 kT||DMA||SHEs||12||LRL||[Be2]|
|PERSIMMON||02/23/67||< 20 kT||DMA||Physics||N/A||LASL||[GURC]|
DMA: Division of Military Applications.DPNE: Division of Peaceful Nuclear Explosives.
LASL: Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, now Los Alamos National Laboratory.
LRL: Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, now Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
SHEs: SuperHeavy Elements.
Citations can be found here.